Worldwide changes, both in politics and in the way of life, are today largely related to the introduction of new technologies and innovations in various fields of science and technology. It is likely that in 10-15 years the world will live under completely different conditions. Many professions will disappear due to the introduction of artificial intelligence and advances in science. The dwindling and reduction of the resource base is principally responsible for the possibility for major contradictions in the world. As a result, a conspiracy theory about a global shadow government calling for a decline in Earth’s population has gained traction in the media.
If we look at the amount of money associated with payments for the supply of natural resources, the first place is occupied by payments for energy resources. The established system of electricity supply has existed for about 150 years. And it is built mainly on the operation of large generating power units, the electricity from which is transported over long distances to the consumer. Expensive generating units of nuclear power plants and thermal power plants are built only for the turbines to mechanically spin the generator rotor. In addition, the operation of generating plants requires a large number of maintenance personnel, preventive maintenance, but the main problem is the combustion of hydrocarbons and uranium fuel, the reserves of which on Earth are finite.
There are already developments that make it possible for generators to operate autonomously without the need to build power plant units. Such technologies are called fuel-free power generation. Conventionally, fuelless electric generators (FEG) can be divided into two types:
1. With rotating rotor
These are designs, the schemes of which conceptually differ little from the generators installed in power plants. The only difference is the presence of an electric motor to rotate the rotor instead of having a mechanical transmission. It should be noted that this technology works, and in the press there are mentions of industrial generation in various countries, but in isolated instances. We can only guess about the reasons for this, but it is possible that BTGs of such schemes are intended rather for connection to centralized power supply systems. This raises the question of the cost of BTGs and the interest of power supply and power generation companies in purchasing electricity from such BTGs.
2. No rotating parts
The technology was developed by the Neutrino Energy Group several years ago and is much preferable and versatile in terms of consumer properties. The know-how of the technology is a nanomaterial capable of converting the energy of electromagnetic, thermal and other energy fields of invisible spectrum radiation, including the kinetic energy of neutrino particles having mass, into electric current. Energy fields are present 24 hours a day regardless of weather conditions and have a high penetration capacity, which makes it equivalent to placing an energy source outside, indoors or, say, in the basement of an apartment building.
The nanomaterial is deposited on the metal foil, forming a densely interspersed thin layer that forms a single whole with the foil, thus avoiding the flaking of the nanomaterial and the loss of its performance properties. The nanomaterial consists of alternating layers of graphene and doped silicon. Schematically the nanomaterial is shown in Fig. 1.
Graphene (carbon) and silicon belong to group 4 of the Mendeleev periodic system of chemical elements and have four covalent bonds. And while the specific conductivity of graphene is close to that of metals such as copper, silicon belongs to the class of semiconductors. The concentration of natural charge carriers in silicon at room temperature is about 1.5⋅1010 cm-3. Therefore, to create n-type electronic or electrical conductivity in silicon, silicon is doped with elements of group 5 or 6 of the Mendeleev periodic system, as stated in patent number EP3265850A1. The patent also states that graphene is doped with chemical elements that have magnetic properties.
The mechanism of electric current generation is the emergence of the “graphene wave” under the influence of the thermal motion of the graphene atoms and the elastic interaction of neutrinos having a mass with the nucleus of the graphene atoms. The cross section of the graphene atom’s nucleus, consisting of 6 protons and 6 neutrons, is very small compared with the size of the graphene atom itself (the size of the carbon atom is 0,7 Å = 0,07 nm = 0,000 000 000 07 m), but the flux of neutral neutrino particles is 60 billion particles per second, crossing 1 cm2 of the Earth’s surface.
Although only a fraction of the total neutrino flux strikes the nucleus of the graphene atom, this interaction, which leads to the full or partial transfer of the neutrino kinetic energy into the kinetic energy of the graphene atoms motion, is very important, because it contributes to increasing the frequency and amplitude of the graphene atoms vibrations and translating them into the resonance of atomic vibrations. Impulse interaction of the electric field of the charged particles of graphene with the magnetic fields created by the chemical elements with magnetic properties in the nanomaterial leads to the appearance of the electromotive force (EMF) in each layer of the vibrating graphene, directing the charged particles in one direction, i.e. the appearance of a direct electric current (Fig. 2).
Cardinal difference from the existing schemes of fuel-free generators with rotating rotor and existing generators, installed in power plants, is that in Neutrinovoltaic technology EMF arises not as a result of rotation of the rotor with magnetic coil, but due to vibrations of graphene in nanomaterial. Currently it is possible to obtain voltage of 1.5 V and current of 2 A from a 200×300 mm plate. Electric generating unit with net power of 5-6 kW (Fig. 3), made of such plates has a size of 800x400x600 mm.
Next year it is planned to launch 2 industrial production plants in Switzerland and Korea. While a small capacity plant is being built in Switzerland (100 thousand units of 5-6 kW generators), a megafactory will be built in Korea, which plans to reach an annual production capacity of 30 GW by 2029 with a further increase in production volumes. At the same time, intensive negotiations are underway between an international consortium of institutional investors and manufacturing companies to build similar plants in Southeast Asia.
Licenses for the right to produce Neutrinovoltaic power sources have also been sold to a number of companies in various countries. In addition, together with Indian partners, Neutrino Energy Group starts experimental and development work on the development of a self-charging Pi electric car, the power plant of which will be similar in some ways to Tesla electric cars, but the body of the Pi – electric car will have a system of energy collection points from the surrounding fields of invisible spectrum radiation and thermal fields, as well as a system of capacitors. According to the work plan, the Pi – electric car should be developed within 3 years. The future of energy and transportation is in fuelless generation, as it is the only way to preserve life on Earth, and as an alternative scenario – natural disasters and climate catastrophe, a sharp decline in population and a return to the fireplace and horses – is also possible.
Author: L.K. Rumyantsev, Ph.