Our star, the sun, is an essential source of energy for the planet, generating light, regulating the weather, and nourishing living things. Without it, no life could exist in this place. However, the sun’s visible surface is all that can be seen of the brilliant ball that crosses our skies every day. Along with a steady stream of charged particles that sweep over the Earth and the other planets in the solar system, there are additional types of radiation that we are not aware of that are emitted from the surface. Thus, in a way, we are a part of the sun.
Recent investigations into the Northern Lights and Southern Lights have led to the discovery of the energy source that drives both of these dazzling displays. The bombardment of earth by solar particles from space is the source of each individual display of auroras that can be seen stretching across the night sky. These particles are thought to have originated from the solar wind and are then captured by the geomagnetic field of the Earth as they move past the planet. The particles continue their descent into the upper atmosphere, where they collide with the atoms and molecules of oxygen and nitrogen, triggering the release of brief, multicolored flashes of light from the latter. These brief glimmers of illumination, numbering in the millions upon millions, are what come together to form the auroras.
Similar to this, there are neutrinos, which are small subatomic particles that are frequently referred to as “ghost particles” due to how little they interact with other objects. However, the most prevalent particle in the universe is the neutrino. You wouldn’t believe how many trillions of trillions of neutrinos pass through your body every second absolutely unharmed! It is highly challenging to detect neutrinos because of their tendency to interact with other particles seldom. However, this does not imply that neutrinos never interact; rather, the likelihood of any one neutrino interacting with another particle is very low. All this information about the northern lights and the different rays that the sun produces are very important because now cosmic rays like neutrinos and other non-visible radiations that bombard our planet can be harnessed in order to provide your home with endless light and heat. And the technology that will make the renewable future a reality is called Neutrinovoltaics and it’s coming soon.
None of the existing power generation technologies, including solar and wind energy, meet the criteria mentioned above, as the accumulation of solar cells and wind generators on large areas is not only directly dependent on weather conditions, but also an easily attackable target. Taking all strategic factors into account, the main objective of creating a decentralised power generation system is economic: the closer the power source is to the consumer, the lower the losses in the power grids and the costs of building and maintaining the power supply. The EU countries have set themselves the goal of completely eliminating electricity generation associated with the burning of fossil fuels by 2050. The task is very difficult, but entirely feasible. In Germany, the private science and technology company Neutrino Energy Group has proposed equipping living spaces with individual Neutrino Power Cubes with generators of 5-10 kW. These generators are compact and do not take up much space in the living room. The Neutrino Power Cube with a net output of 5-6 kW is installed in the form of a cabinet. This is divided into two: one panel for power generation, which houses the power generation modules, and one panel for the installation of a control system.
The Neutrino Power Cube generation room with a net power of 5-6 kW will have a size of 800x400x600 mm and a weight of approx. 50 kg. The control room will house inverters for converting direct current to alternating current with a voltage of 230 V and 400V. The Neutrino Power Cube also has a DC connection for direct connection of the computer and various devices and appliances. Autonomous power sources Neutrino Power Cubes have no rotating parts, so they do not produce noise or harmful radiation that would disturb the comfort of the home. The net power generated by the Neutrino Power Cube depends on the power loss when converting direct current into alternating current with a voltage of 230 V and 400V. A Neutrino Power Cube with a net power of 5-6 kW therefore has a gross power of 7 kW A generator with a net power of 5-6 kW has 6 power generation modules, a generator with a net power of 10-12 kW has 12 power generation modules.
The structural features of the Neutrino Power Cubes make it possible to increase the required power by connecting additional power-generating modules, each of which consists of a set of densely packed metal foil plates with a multilayer nanomaterial applied to one side. A plate measuring 200×300 mm generates a voltage of 1.5 V and a current of 2 A. By applying a multilayer coating to one side of the foil, different poles are created: the coated side forms the positive pole and the uncoated side the negative pole, so that they can be placed on top of each other and pressed to achieve a reliable series connection of the plates. Licensed industrial production of Neutrino Power Cubes will begin in Switzerland in late 2023 -early 2024.
Scientists led by German researcher and mathematician Holger Thorsten Schubart have succeeded for the first time in producing a nanomaterial capable of converting the energy of the surrounding radiation fields of the invisible spectrum into electric current. In fact, it was possible to create a fuel-free generator (BTG) of so-called “free energy”. Unlike numerous researchers who have looked into the possibility of building a BTG based on the rotation of a generator’s rotor, the Neutrino Energy Group’s BTG has no moving elements, which greatly increases the reliability of its operation, and since there is no noise or vibration during its operation, there are no restrictions on its placement in a living or working space. The patent for the invention states that scientists have deposited a multilayer material of alternating layers of graphene and doped silicon on one side of the aluminium foil. The optimal composition of such a material requires the presence of 12 alternating graphene-silicon layers with an overall ratio of 75/25%. To increase the efficiency and reliability of operation, the nanomaterial is deposited on the metal foil in a vacuum in the absence of oxygen.
The use of graphene in a nanomaterial is obvious as it is the only material known to science today that is able to “collect” energy from the environment. Due to the presence of a hexagonal crystal lattice, the vibrations of its atoms lead to the appearance of a “graphene wave” on its surface, which can be observed with a high-resolution microscope. Many people ask the question, why should graphene be used and not graphite for example? Experiments by the Neutrino Energy Group, whose results were later independently confirmed by Professor Vanessa Wood and her colleagues. They, showed that when materials are made with dimensions of less than 10-20 nanometres, 5000 times thinner than a human hair, the vibrations of the outer atomic layers on the surface of nanoparticles are large and play an important role in how the material behaves.
These atomic vibrations or “phonons” are responsible for how electrical charge and heat are transferred in materials. For example, if the vibrations of graphene atoms are 100 times stronger than the vibrations of silicon atoms, then the superposition of the frequency of the external influence of the surrounding radiation fields, including the effect of neutrinos, on the internal frequency of vibrations of graphene waves caused by the thermal Brownian motion of graphene atoms amplifies such vibrations and leads to the resonance of atomic vibrations. Atomic resonance oscillations make it possible to increase the reflux of electrons in contact with doped silicon. The use of graphene, which contains virtually no impurities, and the doping “cause” the graphene electrons to flow in one direction, i.e., an electric current is generated. The overall effect is what physicists call “oblique scattering”, where clouds of electrons direct their movement in one direction.
Holger Thorsten Schubart comments on the controversial discussions in science and the international press about the effects of neutrinos on the vibrational size of graphene atoms and criticises that the public is still kept in the dark about the new possibilities of energy generation, although the current state of knowledge in the field of the physics of massive neutrinos offers real solutions to modern problems with fundamentally new approaches. “Particles of the invisible radiation spectrum are capable of providing more energy to humans from one day to the next than all the dwindling fossil resources in the entire world,” say scientists from the Neutrino Energy Group. According to them, current research should focus on how we can use this infinite energy field around us to generate energy in the future instead of continuing to “dig up the earth” as has been done for hundreds of years.