Throughout human history, society has reinvented itself and adapted to the challenges of the world. Currently, we face challenges of unprecedented scale and complexity, such as our ongoing dependence on fossil fuels, continuous greenhouse gas emissions, a global energy crisis, and the resulting conflicts. These issues have brought the planet to a critical point. Despite considerable advances in renewable energy over the last decade, from solar to wind power, the pressing question remains whether these resources are enough to solve our planet's energy problems.