As more people become aware of the planet’s precarious status, the demand for environmentally friendly energy sources is greater than ever. Those who are interested in making the switch to such alternatives are already offered with a number of options. Solar energy, for example, is perhaps one of the most well-known eco-friendly new energy sources that has been around for quite some time. And, while it is undeniably a good alternative, its technologies allow a lot of space for refinement and innovation.
Conventional solar panels are only effective in certain situations. The sun, which is the technology’s source of energy, needs to be pointed precisely where it will directly illuminate the panel’s flat surface. Because the path of the light shifts during the day, many solar arrays are designed to actively rotate towards the sun in order to maximize the quantity of sunlight they absorb and, consequently, the amount of solar energy they convert into usable heat or electricity. This laborious and convoluted process, on the other hand, may soon be rendered unnecessary as a result of the recent development of 3D solar cells.
Energy is an important basis for economic development in any country and it influences the development of the national economy. However, it takes decades to introduce new energy technologies. In order for new power generation technologies to take a significant share of the national energy balance in the period 2050–2060, they must now enter industrial production. The Neutrino Deutschland GmbH, a German company of the Neutrino Energy Group, is attracting a lot of attention for its Neutrinovoltaic technology. A newly developed 3D Solar Cell that is capable of collecting more energy than any solar panel has ever been able to. This technology generates electricity by converting energy from the radiation fields of the universe (including neutrinos).
The company is currently looking in to the establishment of a production site, which will serve as a basis for the expansion of production sites in other continents and countries for the industrial production of The Neutrino Power Cube power supply for domestic use. Meanwhile, Holger Thorsten Schubart, President of Neutrino Energy Group and CEO of Neutrino Deutschland GmbH, explains that neutrino energy can not only provide the power to supply electricity to households, but also to industrial enterprises, and also to power electric vehicles, simply by installing the newly developed 3D Solar Cell inside the vehicle.
The Neutrinovoltaic technology works in a similar way to photovoltaics in that several modules are connected in series and parallel to each other to obtain the required voltage and current, as well as the total power. However, the decisive advantage of Neutrino Energy Group’s 3D Solar Cell over photovoltaics is that it is not limited by space and time, and can be used to generate electricity at night, in rainy weather, and in total darkness, such as in tunnels.
The neutrinovoltaic technology converts energy from other electric fields, such as radiation fields in space, into electrical energy, mainly from special materials developed by the Neutrino Energy Group, using multilayer composites (10 to 20 layers of silicon-graphene) consisting of alternating layers of graphene and silicon with added alloying elements, which need to be dense enough to provide interaction with neutrinos and other invisible particles of the radiation spectrum, thus efficiently converting energy from the radiation field around space into electrical energy. Based on the total coating thickness of 0.01 mm to 1 mm, the silicon particles should be between 5 nm and 500 nm thick, with an optimum thickness of 5 nm, and the graphene particles should be between 20 nm and 500 nm, with an optimum thickness of 20 nm, as described in patent number EP3265850A1, and only this combination will achieve the best efficiency for energy conversion.
The base coating of the nanomaterials used in neutrinovoltaic is graphene, a 2D material with the properties of a 3D material, which means that the graphene atoms oscillate and move in three-dimensional coordinates. The stronger the effect of the radiation field, the stronger the frequency of oscillation of the graphene atoms. Due to this interaction, a wave forms on the surface of graphene, like a wave on the surface of the sea, which is due to small spontaneous movements combining and triggering the appearance of larger spontaneous vibrations. The displacement of one atom is added to the displacement of other atoms to produce a horizontal polarisation surface wave, known acoustically as a Love Wave, also known as a Q-wave. In the case of a low velocity layer above a semi-infinite medium, a wave that vibrates in the horizontal plane perpendicular to the direction of propagation. In the vertical plane, the particles vibrate in a counter-clockwise ellipse, and the amplitude of the vibration decreases as the depth increases.
In elastic dynamics, Leff waves, named after Augustus Eduard Hofflove, are horizontally polarised surface waves. The interference of multiple shear waves (S-waves) directed by an elastic layer on one side of the elastic half-space and near to the vacuum on the other produces Leff waves. Due to the special nature of graphene crystals, their atoms oscillate in tandem, unlike the spontaneous motion of molecules in liquids. Given that the oscillations of graphene atoms are 100 times stronger than those of silicon atoms, the superposition of the external effect frequencies of electromagnetic radiation, including the action of neutrinos, on the internal frequencies of graphene wave oscillations strengthens this oscillation and leads to resonance of the atomic oscillations. The atomic oscillations in resonance cause an exponential increase in the output of electrons when in contact with the doped silicon alloy. The side of the metal foil coated with the nanomaterial becomes the positive pole, while the uncoated side is the negative pole.
The patent EP3265850A1 of Neutrino Deutschland GmbH describes in detail all possible materials and alloy elements that can be used to convert the kinetic energy of radiation field particles into electrical energy. Many scientists around the world are currently studying this phenomenon and are already starting to experimentally design lattices based on the relevant information in the publication. The technical achievements of the newly developed 3D Solar Cell and the latest discoveries in high-energy physics offer the world a unique energy development opportunity to create a distributed power generation system that does not need mains power anymore when we power houses, electric cars, appliances, etc., without any emissions of harmful gases into the atmosphere.
Neutrinovoltaic technology will first be utilized for mobile phones and laptops, as well as pacemakers and other tiny devices, but later also e-mobility and entire households. Everything that photovoltaics can do, the 3D Solar Cell will be able do to more efficiently, even after the sun has set. With the combination of Photovoltaic/Neutrinovoltaic, it will be possible in the short term to provide an answer to the question of how sufficient energy can be made available in a completely sustainable manner in the near future.
Neutrinos have made their long way through the darkness to us. Now they will light our way into the future. The Neutrino Energy Group’s work and its remarkable neutrinovoltaic technology have made neutrino energy unquestionably the power of the future. As a result of their efforts, more big changes will happen, and hopefully other people will do the same, so that in the years to come, we can live in a better and more eco-friendly world.